When using these words, the sentence usually means that the action is continuing. Here are three quick examples: You can also assign a scenario to your students. I have smoked for 12 years. These words very rarely use for or since because they do not have a length of time.
James knows how to repair computers. They started to do this 4 years ago. This can be a mix of habitual or repeated actions, statement of fact or generalization and scheduled events in the near future.
I have just finished writing my first book. What tense should be used in academic essays is a topic that sparks debate among some people. Here too the present perfect can help. How long has it been? I wanted to go to Japan Present perfect essay years ago.
This one in particular is best if combined with present perfect continuous, below. Therefore, when the present perfect sentence does not have since or for, we do not know if it is still continuing.
Clear explanations and lots of exercises reinforce the skills needed for strong written communication. Jorge and Carmen have been married for 21 years. Where to find out more about the present perfect English with a twist: Write what you know of your family history.
Maria has been excited about space exploration since she was young. The present perfect can work well here too by talking about the current situation.
All the answers to the quizzes are given in the back of the book. The continuous tense This one can be harder. Jorge and Carmen have been married since However, it is of course possible to split the four into their own writing prompt, or to combine any number of them as is deemed necessary.
This concern started many years ago. CCTV is now ubiquitous and this has led to concerns about how our privacy is being invaded. He started to do it when his car broke down. This is not to say that it is never appropriate to switch tenses in academic essays, because it is necessary when the time frame switches from the present to the past.
Below, I have supplied some of the more popular tense-specific writing prompts.Present Perfect: since/for (pp. ) Do exercises # Do the review on page Come to class with two significant questions you have about present perfect tense. Main Aims: Language Point - tenses present perfect and past simple using ‘for’.
The main aim of the lesson is to: Teach the use of for in two tenses: present perfect and past simple, in the context of short text about the teacher’s life.
So that by the end of the lesson, the learners can. Explanations on usage and examples of Present Perfect tense. Improve your understanding and use English tenses more naturally!
THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE The present perfect tense is made up of: 1. has / have + past participle (active form) 2. has / have + been + past participle (passive. - incorrect by the grammar rules, and I don't think present perfect continuous tense is very common in casual speech in this case.
I'd use past perfect continuous (" he had been eating a sandwich"). The present perfect tense conveys actions that happened at an unknown time before the present, actions in the past that have an effect on the present and actions that began in the past and continue into the present (e.g.Download