More importance is given to husband by several wives. According to biologists if the same woman cohabits with several men, it may lead to sterility, further lack of sex gratification give rise to extra-marital relationship of husbands.
Human beings have certain urges like hungers, thirst and sex. Monogamy is legally sanctioned form of marriage while some are legally prohibited. There will be no jealously between the parents for looking after their children. Societies evolved mannerism and method for selection of the spouses, according to their peculiar socio-economic and political conditions, and in accordance with their levels of cultural advancement.
They do not get love and affection of their children because children feel unattached to their fathers.
Jealousy leads to inefficiency in their work. Respect to old Parents: The growing sense and sensibility may have necessitated the acceptance of norms for formalising the union between man and woman.
In this type of polyandry one woman has more than one husband who is not brothers. It adversely effects health of a woman because she has to satisfy several husbands.
Marriage creates new social relationships and reciprocal rights between the spouses. It should be noted that on a societal basis, only about 20 per cent of the societies are designated as strictly monogamous, that is, monogamy is the required form.
As a result she gets attention of all the members and thus enjoys a good status in the family. It is the prevalent form of marriage among the tribes, Polygyny also appears to be the privilege of the wealthy, in many African societies the rich usually have more than one wife.
She feels quite secure because in the absence of one husband other males are there to fulfill her basic needs. Better status to Women: Better Socialization of Children: It is, however, very important institution for the society as it helps in replacement of old and dying population.
It establishes the rights and the status of the children when they are born. They are counted equal to men. It is this institution through which a man sustains the continuity of his race and attains satisfaction in a socially recognised manner.
There seems to be, however, a consensus that marriage involves several criteria that are found to exist cross-culturally and throughout time.
In such tribes polygyny was followed to obtain more children. Polygamy, like other forms of marriage is highly regulated and normatively controlled.
Polygyny does not promise congenial atmosphere for the proper growth and development of children. Polyandry exists in some societies mainly because of customs and traditions of that particular society. When in any tribe or society male members are less in number and females are more, then this type of marriage takes place.
Similarly, every woman is the wife of every man of male group. Polygamy is the form of marriage in which one man marries two or more women or one woman marries two or more men or a number of men many a number of women.
If this happiness is-not forthcoming they will terminate the relationship. Under this system husband and wife not only share the familial role and obligations but also have joint decisions.
Better Standard of Living: Some have accepted it as purely a contractual arrangement between weds, while others hold it as the sacred union between man, and woman. In this form of marriage men and women have to adjust with one partner only.
They have to adjust between themselves but now-a-days divorce is the answer to their problem. This type of marriage was popular in Ceylon Srilanka at present. This gives rise to many immoral practices in the society.
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