Escape from these cells was incredibly difficult, adding another defensive aspect to the design of castles.
Today it is still the primary residence of English royalty. Many castles kept their ale in a room called the buttery. The influence of the crusaders led to the construction of the Concentric Castles and a new style of architecture which focussed on defensive features designed for siege warfare.
Many of the partial and complete castles still remain throughout Europe. Living quarters were moved into new buildings which were constructed within the bailey.
Moats were crossed by drawbridges that could be raised from within the castle. The castle started as a simple wooden structure on top of a mound surrounded by a ditch.
The castle became just a residence and was unnecessary for protection. Keep - The keep was a large tower and the last place of defense in a castle.
The forces are not simply channeled downward, but to a certain extent outwards as well. With the Norman invasion of and the destruction of numerable castles by fire, stone became a more common building material.
Stone was cut with greater precision Flying buttresses were introduced. Stone, of course, is stronger than wood and not at all flammable, but it does lack the flexibility offered by wood.
Should a castle by attacked and damaged, a large portion of the raw materials are still available to use in the rebuilding.
Rows of stones spaced with mortar have created incredibly durable castles, though initially these structures were tremendously inelegant. The Middle Ages architecture of the concentric castles was effectively lots of buildings, walls, towers and gatehouses in one massive Medieval castle complex built within in successive lines of defence.
The keep was then made smaller and stronger, becoming the final defensive position within a series of buildings. They could defend from attacks as well as prepare to launch attacks of their own from their castles. The bridge hung high in air; The gates were bolted fast; The walls well-framed to bear the fury of the blast.
Despite their importance use in the defense of medieval castles, the number and style of towers are useful in identifying structures. Take a ten question quiz about this page. In the 13th century, castles became even more sophisticated.
Defensive additions were made to the castles such as the barbican, crenellations, murder holes and arrow loops in various sizes. This is called a siege. More subjects on the Middle Ages: The wall went in the water wondrous deep, And a long way aloft it loomed overhead. Tower of London - Was built in The arch technology discussed above allowed architects and builders to expand the width and height of vaults creating an airier and less claustrophobic space.
Castles are strategically placed to have the best possible defensive position in case of an attack. Gatehouse - The gatehouse was built at the gate to help reinforce the castle defenses at its weakest point.
Siege engines were used to attack castles. The noble families often hosted events such as feasts and balls within the Great Halls. At first, the keep dungeon was rectangular, but later it was found that a round keep was easier to defend.
Towers served as an important defensive tactic by allow sentinels a higher vantage point from which to view an approaching enemy thereby giving the residents more time to prepare for the impending attack.
The best locations were viewed as those at tops of hills, on islands, on peninsulas, and on top of rocky terrain. Construction It is certainly impressive to think that the structures of the Middle Ages were erected with significantly less technological advancement than exists today.A medieval castle was the fortified home of an important person, such as a lord or king.
The medieval period, also called the Middle Ages, lasted from the 5th century CE to the end of the 15th century. During this time, many castles were built in Europe and the Middle East.
They ranged from simple wooden enclosures to vast stone palaces. This page provides interesting and important information about Architecture of Castles in the Middle Ages. The early Architecture of Castles in the Middle Ages was called Romanesque and the later style of Architecture of Castles in the Middle Ages was known as Edwardian, Perpendicular or Gothic.
Learn about the history of the Middle Ages Castles. Middle Ages Castles: Defence features were added to concentric castles design including the Drawbridge, Barbican, Portcullis, Gatehouse, Moat, Crenellations and Murder Holes.
Successfully defending a castle during the Middle Ages depended on whether the castle and its inhabitants could. CASTLES IN THE MIDDLE AGES.
Castles were primarily built during the wars of the late Middle Ages for the purpose of protection. Originally, the castle was simply built, but the need for better protection rose and they became much more sophisticated.
The first castles, built in the Early Middle Ages (early Medieval period), were ‘earthworks’ – mounds of earth primarily built for defence, as enemies struggled to climb them.
During the s, the Normans developed these into Motte and Bailey castle designs. During the Middle Ages much of Europe was divided up between lords and princes. They would rule the local land and all the people who lived there.
In order to defend themselves, they built their homes as large castles in the center of the land they ruled.Download